Class Combine Harvester
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Claas combine harvesters are quite clearly the trademark of the German company. They stand for the most modern and up-to-date technology. A little about the history of the company: Around 1930 the combine harvester market was rather unstable. Many companies did not want to invest great amounts of money into the development of such machinery and for this reason stayed out of such a market. Claas, however, did take this step and started a project, under the command of an engineer from Bayern, in which they produced self-driving combine harvesters in the town of Harsewinkel, the origin of the company’s production. After experiencing a number of problems during the development, Claas decided in 1935 that it would be better to first of all produce a harvester which can be pulled, rather than a self-driving harvester. Additionally, Claas decided to include a built-in function which bound the straw together directly after mowing and threshing. This first model was called ‘Mäh-Dresh-Binder’, or ‘MDB’, which means as much as ‘Mow-Thresh-Binder’. With this machine it was possible to harvest 300-400 centner crop and the harvester was therefore profitable when being used on an area of 62.5 ha or more. The Claas MDB was the only combine harvester at that point in time which was able to cope with the variety of conditions across Europe. After having sold over 1000 models by 1941, the further development of the machinery was put on hold due to the historical happenings of the time. However, Claas did not give up entirely and carried on working during the war. During this time, the main development was that the position of the mower was changed. Furthermore, Claas aimed to make this machinery as effective as possible. Over time Claas introduced the Super Junior onto the market, which was the successor of the Super. Interestingly, the Super combine Harvester was not ready for sale at the time. Claas sold 1500 Super Junior combine harvesters within the first year. The Super Junior was even displayed on the 50 Franc Note of Luxemburg until 1976. This just shows how important the development of the Claas company was for agriculture and especially for the combine harvesters that we have today. Finally in 1953, Claas succeeded in bringing out the first self-driving combine harvester. This type of combine harvester was developed further over time. The problem was, however, that the preceding models, which had to be pulled, did not in any way have any disadvantages when compared with the new self-driving models. It was, for this reason, difficult to establish the new type of harvester. After many improvements and developments, Claas introduced the combine harvester ‘Europa’ on to the market in 1958. Said harvester had a cutting width of 2.1m and a maximum power output of 45PS. Shortly afterwards, a cheaper version was brought onto the market; the Columbus. This harvester had a cutting width of 1.8m and a maximum power output of 34PS. The built-in motor in both models were from VW. With the production of the Matador harvester, which has a power output of 87PS and was made for work in large businesses, Claas managed to reach the 100,000 mark in terms of the combine harvesters that they had dispatched in 1962. Over the years, Claas became more and more of a ‘global player’ in terms of combine harvesters. Every farmer across the world knew about Claas. That was already to be seen in the sales figures back then. Since then Claas is one of the most successful manufacturers of combine harvesters in the world. The German company is also the market leader in Europe. The models which are produced today have a power output of over 600PS and can have a cutting width of up to 13m. The cabins of the Claas machines are more like the inside of a luxury vehicle than the inside of an agricultural vehicle; comfort and the most up-to-date technology. Claas doesn’t do things by halves either when it comes to the motors of their machines. High-performance Mercedes-Benz motors are built into all the newest models. Furthermore, the machines which are currently available follow the current trends in agriculture. Combine harvesters are not profitable for all businesses, therefore, Claas are producing bigger and higher-performance machines to give service supply agencies the chance to work quickly and effectively.